What is the one thing that happens to all cranes? Deflection is a common crane phenomenon that no crane can escape. When a crane lifts a load, the boom or jib will appear to be bending; thus, this flexing motion is deflection. In addition, all crane booms and jibs have the inherent flexibility to absorb the pulling force of the lifting weight.
Firstly, you need the manufacturer guidelines to note the maximum deflection factor. In addition, know the length of the jib span and convert it to inches. Then, divide the length by the manufacturer-specified deflection factor. The result is the maximum deflection in inches.
Because jibs are extensions off the end of booms, their deflections are more complicated. There are no published jib crane deflection limits; therefore, we rely on each manufacturer to provide deflection guidelines relating to their crane designs. This guideline information makes it possible to calculate the deflection tolerance ensuring optimal crane usage and safety.
Measuring The Deflection Of Jib Cranes
The manufacturer specifies the deflection limitation according to the crane type and model; therefore, consult their instructions for the relevant details. This information will enable you to calculate the maximum allowed deflection. Remember to convert the bridge length to inches for an accurate measurement. Next, calculate the deflection by dividing the bridge length by the specified limit.
Typically, jib crane deflection limits for aluminum gantries will be lower than steel gantries. Therefore, it is essential to read the crane installation manual to correlate the crane lifting capacity and the related deflection factor. In addition, The CMAA (Crane Manufacturers Association of America) sets vertical deflection limits to 0.00125 inches per inch of bridge girder lengths.
What Formula Calculate Jib Crane Deflection?
Once you have read the manufacturer’s instructions and dotted down their deflection limit, load capacity, and boom or jib lengths, you are ready to do the calculation. Although you can use any unit of measurement, it is best to calculate in inches to relate better the answers to the recommended and manufacturer deflection limits.
Manufacturers will have several jib cranes, each with varying types of installation that will affect deflection limits. For example, the deflection limit of a free-standing jib crane is typically R/150 and should be very similar to the deflection figures of mast jib cranes and some wall-mounted jib cranes. However, the deflection limit of articulated jib cranes may differ and can be R/200.
In addition, workstation cantilever cranes usually have a deflection set at L/225. Also, stand-alone workstation jib cranes may have a lower deflection limit. The formula is as follows:
Formula – Deflection = (the length of the span) / (manufacturer-defined deflection limit)
For example, a jib crane with an 8-foot boom has a manufacturer deflection factor of L/150, which will calculate as follows: Deflection = (96 / 150) = 0.64 inches; therefore, this deflection is at the maximum total load capacity.
What Does A Manufacturer Deflection Of L120 Mean?
You may see that sometimes the deflection limit of jib cranes uses the letter “R” instead of “L.” It is because the terminology varies from system to system. In addition, some manufacturers refer to the boom length or jib span as the “range.” However, it should not matter as the deflection calculation remains the same.
In this question example, the letter “L” refers to the length of the span. So, let us assume a 96-inch jib with an L/120 deflection would calculate as follows: L/120 = 96/120 = 0.8 inches of deflection.
Does Jib Cranes Have A Deflection Standard?
Although there are no jib crane deflection limits in general published, there is a clause in the IS 800-1984 standards that states the following in abbreviation: The member deflection shall not impair the structure’s strength or efficiency that may lead to damage. Typically, the maximum deflection for a boom or joist should not exceed L/325 of the span.
Are Jibs And Booms The Same Or Different?
Jibs or crane arms allow extra reach to cranes but simultaneously may reduce the crane load capacity. They typically use a lattice design to limit the added weight to the hoisting load. Generally, jib cranes do not have complex structures and have load capacities between 250 lbs. to 15 tons.
Sometimes, a crane requires an extra reach distance beyond the standard boom, and then jibs are the solution as they extend horizontally from the crane boom. In addition, a jib crane is a crane that has a horizontal boom or jib. The primary purpose of the jib crane is to assist a movable fixed hoist in increasing productivity, reducing injuries, and improving safety.
What Are The Safety Considerations When Using Jib Cranes?
Safety should always be part of the discussion about jib crane deflection. The more deflection during a hoist, the higher the safety risk. In addition, it is a violation of OSH rules.
Let us look at some vital safety considerations relating to jib crane procedures. This video is informative and showcases Tower Jib Crane Deflection.
Before hoisting: Ensure you have consulted the crane manufacturer’s instructions to determine load capacity and deflection limitations.
While hoisting: Wheather you have lift technology installed or not, you need to be aware of your surroundings constantly. Increase the radius accordingly while lifting the load to compensate for deflection and swing. Remember, if the weight moves further away, the load capacity decreases.
After hoisting: Slowly lower the jib to reduce deflection before setting the load on the ground.
What Are The Considerations When Selecting Jib Cranes?
Your personal business needs will determine the crane with specific requirements to contribute to the work efficiency and daily operations. Consider the following when selecting a crane:
• Set your budget for each jib crane
• Note the installation cost
• Which type and what extent of the structural support is available
• What are the current and future powered operation needs of the crane
• Match the features and design of the various crane types
• Match the total height and boom height offers
Every crane differs, and each jib crane will have specific specifications for load capacity, deflection factor, and boom span length. The calculation result will be the maximum allowed deflection when you divide the span length by the manufacturer’s deflection specification. Managing and adhering to deflection limitations is crucial to minimizing safety risks and possible disasters.